Exploring the reasons for that state of affairs, and the features of commonality between computer and dynamo — particularly in the dynamics of their diffusion and their incremental improvement, and the problems of capturing their initial effects with conventional productivity measures – provides some clues to help understand our current situation. For this purpose an explicit parallel is drawn between two such engines — the computer and the dynamo. The purpose of this essay is to show modern economists, and others who share their puzzlement in this matter, the direct relevance to their concerns of historical studies that trace the evolution of techno-economic regimes formed around “general purpose engines”. The paper stresses the importance of keeping an appropriately long time-frame in mind when discussing the connections between the information revolution and productivity growth, as well as appreciating the contingent, path-dependent nature of the process of transition between one techno-economic regime and the next. The paper discusses the implications of supplemental work for organizational design and the employer-employee relationship, It concludes that compared to other types of work at home, supplemental work is one remote work arrangement that is likely to persist, especially for professionals and managers. This paper examines a specific type of distributed work arrangement, supplemental work at home.
Three tables appended include: subscale scoring by category of professional engagement; highly constructivist teachers and exemplary computer users by professional engagement and type of school sample; and effects of school-based access to technology on the difference in teachers’ involvement in computers between high-socio-economic status and low-socio-economic status schools, for professionally engaged teachers and other teachers. Magid Igbaria is a Professor of Information Science at the Claremont Graduate School and at the School of Management, Tel Aviv University. Preservice teachers used computer modeling and simulation tools within their own science investigations; discussed general technology issues; and explored, evaluated, and taught their peers about a particular modeling tool. Results also showed that professionally engaged teachers were somewhat more experienced than others and had made more investments in their own education, but that they taught a representative group of students. Although professionally engaged teachers who taught in more privileged environments used computers more than those in high-poverty schools, those differences were largely explained by differential access to technology at school, at students’ homes, and at teachers’ homes. Using these measures of professional interactions and activities, teachers were divided into four groups, from the most- to the least-professionally engaged using the following categories: Teacher Leaders (2%), Teacher Professionals (10%), Interactive Teachers (29%), and Private Practice Teachers (58%). Findings indicated that the more extensively involved teachers were in professional activities, the more likely they were to: (1) have teaching philosophies compatible with constructivist learning theory; (2) teach in ways consistent with a constructivist philosophy; and (3) use computers more and in exemplary ways.
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Understanding the heritage of computer systems and the way substantially progression has long been made will help you recognize just how complex and modern the development of computer systems truly is. This report describes aspects of the professional engagement of American teachers and examines relationships between professional engagement and teaching practice, including instruction involving computer use. Professional engagement is measured by: the frequency that teachers had informal substantive communications with other teachers at their own school; frequency and breadth of professional interactions with teachers at other schools; and breadth of involvement in specific peer leadership activities. He has published articles on computer technology acceptance, IS personnel, management of IS, economics of computers, compumetrical approaches in IS, and international IS in Applied Statistics, Behaviour & Information Technology, Communications of the ACM, Computers & Operations Research, Decision Sciences, Decision Support Systems, Information & Management, Information Systems Research, Journal of Management Information Systems, Omega, MIS Quarterly, and others. Post has been cre ated wi th GSA Co ntent Generator DEMO!